The Many Parts of a Garage Door (Tilt and Roll Style Diagrams)

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The electric overhead garage door opener was invented in 1926 by C.G. Johnson [source: Wikipedia].  That’s fairly remarkable given automobiles hadn’t been around all that long by that point… or I should say hadn’t been mass produced all that long.  The first mass-produced automobile was in 1901 by Ransom E. Olds (Oldsmobile).  That’s only 25 years from the first mass-produced car to the first electric overhead garage door opener.

This brief article sets out two detailed diagrams illustrating the various parts of garage doors – one diagram for a tilt garage door and the other for a roll up garage door.

Anatomy of a Tilt-Garage Door

Diagram illustrating the many parts of a tilt-style garage door

  • Left Cable Drum: Keeps the garage door balanced and stable as it opens and closes.
  • Reinforcing Angle: Supports the top section of a garage door.
  • Spring Shaft: A solid steel handle of a tool that helps carry over the torsion springs’ lifting force to the cable drums and lifting cables.
  • Torsion Spring: Elastic spring that exerts a torque or rotary force when twisted.
  • Spring Pad: Pad located above the door and used to anchor the center bearing bracket.
  • Stationary Cone: Connected into the end of a torsion spring.
  • Operator Header Bracket: Distributes the load of the opener arm over a larger area.
  • Angle Iron: The L-shaped steel that supports the rear of horizontal tracks from the ceiling.
  • Right Cable Drum: Keeps the garage door balanced and stable as it opens and closes.
  • Horizontal Track: The horizontal path that the carriage moves along in opening the garage door.
  • Belt: Used in opening the garage door.
  • Spring Support: Used as an automatic lock.
  • Operator Support: Mounts the garage operator at a desired height.
  • Operator: A device used for opening and closing garage doors.
  • Control: Makes the garage operator accessible through a remote control.
  • Sensor: Located on the sides of the garage door and about six inches from the ground and used as a safety measure especially when the garage door is closing.
  • Top Section: Includes the top panel of the garage door.
  • Intermediate Section: Includes the middle part of the garage door.
  • Door Arm: Device that closes the door.
  • Door Bracket: The hinge below the door arm.
  • Bottom Section: Includes the low panel of the garage door.
  • Right Jamb: The vertical framing on the right side of the door opening.
  • Intermediate Hinge: Used to pivot sections as door opens.
  • Release Rope: The rope attached to the door trolley and connected to the garage door opener carriage.
  • Flag Bracket: Connected to the horizontal and vertical track.
  • Vertical Track: The vertical path adjacent to the jamb.
  • Magnetic Sensor: Located on the bottom sides of the garage door and used as a safety alarm.
  • Light Switch: Device for turning on or off electric lights.
  • Garage Door Switch: Triggers a garage door to open or close.

Anatomy of a Roll Up Garage Door

Roll-up-style garage door parts (diagram)

  • Adjustable Intake Louver: A device that allows air intake and exhaust ventilation.
  • Roll Up Door: Door that is rolled up to the ceiling for opening and and rolled down to the floor for closing.
  • Aluminium Top Box: The top portion of the  adjustable intake louver.
  • Steel Support: Pulls the weight of the aluminium top box.
  • Angle Iron: The L-shaped steel that supports the rear of horizontal tracks from the ceiling.
  • Alternate Mounting Hole: Screw holes used for securing a fixture against a wall.
  • Air Directional Vanes: Used for directing air flow.
  • Aluminium Bottom Box: The bottom portion of the  adjustable intake louver.
  • Aluminum Slats: A rolling slat made of aluminium.
  • End Slat: The bottom slat of the rolling door.
  • Sectional Door: Type of garage door that opens vertically.
  • Guide Rail: Guides the movement of the rolling door.
  • Sectional Door Track: Has two vertical and two horizontal track pieces.
  • Side Clip: Used to minimize friction at the working surface.

Related: 60 garage design ideas





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