Parts of a Staircase (Illustrated Staircase Chart)

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Parts of a staircase illustrated chart

Essential staircase proportions:

  • Handrail top:  34″
  • Tread: 10″
  • Riser: 7.75″
  • Nosing: .5″ to 1″
  • Stair width: 36″

Earlier mentioned is our customized illustrated chart showcasing the unique parts of a staircase.

Down below are descriptions of every section.


The baluster are the spindles that hold up the handrail.  The baluster also contributes to total style of the staircase.  You can have really ornate balusters or very simple/plain.

a) Ornate baluster

Ornate wooden staircase baluster

Illustration of a ornate wooden staircase baluster.

b) Plain staircase baluster

Staircase with plain baluster

Example of a staircase with basic sq. balusters.

c) Steel baluster

Staircase with metal baluster

Example of a staircase with a metallic baluster.

d) Staircase with no a baluster

Some staircases really do not have balusters. Alternatively they have stable sides, frequently glass.  Here’s an case in point.

Glass staircase

Instance of a staircase without a baluster. This has a reliable side created of glass.

2. Handrail

The handrail is the component that forms the leading of the railing.  If the staircase has balusters, it sits on the balusters.

Most are manufactured from wood or steel.  Some are broad (5 to 6 inches) whilst other individuals narrow (2 inches).

34″ is the regular minimum amount peak.

3. Stringers

The stringer is the part that supports or ties-alongside one another the ways. It’s on the aspect of the steps.  There are 2 stringers on a staircase.

For staircases that are against the wall, there is an open up stringer which is uncovered and a shut stringer which is the wall or is crafted into the wall.

4. Tread

The tread is the best or flat step area.  This is what you move on ascending or descending the staircase.

For homes, the tread is created of wood generally, but can be steel or even glass.

As for the area by itself, hardwood, carpet, laminate, tile or even concrete is used.

Some staircases include runners which is a strip of carpet down the heart of the stairs which also flows down the middle of the treads.

Standard tread depth (i.e. from riser to end of tread) is 10″.

5. Riser

The riser is the portion of the staircase that rises vertically.  It is the experience of the actions.  It’s normally manufactured of the identical substance as the tread.

Normal riser height for residential home staircases is 7.75″.

6. Nosing

Whilst not indicated in our earlier mentioned staircase illustration, it’s the lip of the tread that extends beyond the top rated of the riser.  It’s generally 1/2″ to 1″ extensive.

7. Stair Width

Most making codes stipulate that stairs be no much less than 36″ huge.

8. Newel

The newel is the main publish at base and top rated that lends key aid for the handrail banister.

Significant:  Though we established out staircase dimensions above, it is important you look at with your the making code applicable to your jurisdiction for exact staircase dimensions.

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