The Iris flowers are one of the most cultivated flowers in the world. Iris produces different flower colors which has come to symbolize different meanings.
The Iris flowers have 260 to 300 species that vary in forms, shapes, sizes and colors that include purple, lavender, white, yellow, orange, pink, blue and brown. The variety of colors produced among the flowers have led to a wealth of meanings. In general, iris symbolizes eloquence but purple iris symbolizes wisdom and compliments, yellow iris symbolizes passion, blue iris symbolizes faith and hope and white iris symbolizes purity.
The Bearded Iris and Siberian Iris are the most commonly grown types of irises. The world’s largest gardens dedicated to iris flowers is the Iris garden in Florence, Italy and Presby Memorial Iris Garden in New Jersey.
Agripinella (Iris ensata)
A real show-stopper, these flowers have ruffled, rose pink petals and white centers with bright yellow throats. They bloom in early- to mid-summer and have petals that can grow up to eight inches wide. They look great in groups and are easy to grow in almost every climate.
Alida (Dwarf Iris)
Growing only 4-6 inches high, these irises are colored medium blue and have white and butter yellow markings. They bloom in late winter to early spring, and they look best when planted in large groups and as borders.
Alpine Majesty (Iris ensata)
These flowers grow up to 40 inches in height and have double elegant petals in bright white with yellow throats. The winner of several international flower awards, the flower grows well as long as the soil has adequate moisture, and they look great when planted along streams or pools.
Apollo (Iris Hollandica)
With large, bold petals that are white and tinted light blue, the flower has yellow falls and buttercup splotches. Their leaves are gray and reed-like, and they make great cut flowers and borders.
Blue Magic (Iris Hollandica)
These flowers are deep purple and have bright yellow blotches on its falls. Best when grown in full sun and in medium moisture, the Blue Magic grows up to 26 inches tall and is deer and rabbit resistant.
Blue Moon (Iris sibirica)
With clump-forming, bright violet blue petals, deep purple veins, and pale yellow bases, they can grow up to three feet tall and two feet wide. They are low-maintenance plants that stay fresh-looking all season long and grow best in full sun or partial shade.
Blue Spritz (Iris ensata)
This flower has lavender blooms with dark purple veins and yellow throats, and they bloom in early- to mid-summer. They grow up to almost three feet in height and look great in Japanese gardens or water gardens.
Blueberry Fair (Iris sibirica)
These flowers have heavily ruffled petals that are rich blue with a small white area towards the base. The blue-green foliage looks exceptional all season long, and they grow up to 32 inches tall and two feet wide.
Butter and Sugar (Iris sibirica)
With white petals and bright yellow falls, they bloom in late spring to early summer and have won several international flower awards. They look great near ponds and streams, and they do well in soil that is slightly acidic and even very dry.
Caesar’s Brother (Iris sibirica)
The winner of several international flower awards, this plant consists of deep purple, velvet-like petals that bloom from late spring to early summer. They can grow two feet wide and up to 42 inches high, and they are a low-maintenance plant that looks great in borders and flower beds.
Carol Johnson (Iris ensata)
The Carol Johnson has single, plum-purple petals atop pale blue falls and yellow throats. There are no serious diseases associated with this type of Iris, and they look best in large groups. They are also easy to grow and resistant to deer.
Casablanca (Iris Hollandica)
The Casablanca has pure white flowers and yellow-gold markings on its falls. Their sturdy stalks are surrounded by sword-like leaves, and they bloom for several weeks in late spring or early summer. Because they grow to more than two feet in height, they look great in vases and as borders.
Coho (Iris ensata)
One of the most attractive pink Irises, this flower consists of elegant, rounded, pure pink petals with a delicate golden color at the base. The winner of several international flower awards, the Coho blooms in early- to mid-summer and provides a great vertical interest in a garden. It is also very easy to grow.
Contrast in Style (Iris sibirica)
Striking in appearance, these flowers have deep purple petals accented in white with bright yellow bases. Lighter lavender petals sit atop them, and they bloom in late spring or early summer. They prefer full sun or partial shade, and like other Irises, they should never be ingested because they can cause severe discomfort.
Eye-Catcher (Dwarf Iris)
The Eye-Catcher Iris is white with rich blue markings and bright yellow crests, and it has grass-like, gray-green leaves. It grows up to six inches tall and is both deer-resistant and tolerant to drought.
Fond Kiss (Iris sibirica)
This flower’s extravagant look includes ivory white petals flushed with light pink and grey-green foliage. The winner of several international flower awards, the Fond Kiss is drought-tolerant and prefers soil with adequate moisture. It also grows up to three feet in height and presents a very elegant look.
Frilled Enchantment (Iris ensata)
With a height of up to 42 inches, this flower has won several international flower awards and has large, ruffled petals that are white and trimmed in a beautiful shade of mauve purple. It also has beautiful, sword-like foliage that is a real eye-catcher, as well as a beautiful vertical look for your garden.
George (Dwarf Iris)
This plant has petals that are deep violet purple with bright yellow centers. It has won several international flower awards and causes discomfort when ingested. It also looks beautiful under trees and in front of borders, and it looks even better when planted in groups of at least 20 bulbs.
Gordon (Dwarf Iris)
The Gordon has light blue petals, deep velvet falls, and a blotch of golden orange and white near the center. It can multiply into other shades and colors, and it needs well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade to look its best.
Granny Jean (Iris sibirica)
A clump-forming perennial, this plant has mauve pink flowers with dark veins and a light center. It can grow up to 32 inches tall and looks great in beds and borders, not to mention near ponds or streams.
Harmony (Dwarf Iris)
With well-shaped petals in deep royal blue and a gold crest trimmed in white, these Irises look great in rock gardens, under trees, and in front of borders. They are deer-resistant and can tolerate drought, and they grow 4-5 inches high.
Katharine Hodgkin (Dwarf Iris)
The winner of several international flower awards, these flowers have pale blue petals with deep blue veins and a creamy yellow blotch at the center. They bloom in late winter to early spring, and they look great in both containers and rock gardens.
Lavender Bounty (Iris sibirica)
A low-maintenance perennial, the Lavender Bounty consists of ruffled, lavender pink flowers and white markings, and it blooms from late spring to early summer. It can grow up to two feet wide and is resistant to deer.
Magic Opal (Iris ensata)
With bright yellow throats and delicate mauve veins, this lilac pink flower grows up to three feet tall and does best in full sun or partial shade. As long as the moisture is adequate, it can grow almost anywhere, and it looks great alongside pools or streams.
Over in Gloryland (Iris sibirica)
These are dramatic in appearance because of their dark purple, ruffled petals that reach up to five inches in width. The petals have a light, white-yellow center and blue-green leaves that are fairly rigid. They grow up to three feet in height and look striking in any garden.
Perry’s Blue (Iris sibirica)
With sky blue petals that contain dark veins and white markings, this plant reaches up to three feet high and does best in full sun or partial shade. They are low-maintenance and look great near ponds and streams, not to mention in beds and borders.
Pink Frost (Iris ensata)
With ruffled lavender pink petals, white blotches, and a yellow throat, this type of Iris blooms in early- to mid-summer and does great in Japanese gardens and water gardens. It is easy to grow and can reach up to 30 inches high. It looks great in large groups because it creates a bouquet effect.
Pixie (Dwarf Iris)
The Pixie has dark blue-violet petals that grow almost three inches wide, and they have falls that contain white and gold markings. They are tolerant of drought, deer-resistant, and look great when planted with at least 20 other bulbs. They look perfect under trees, at the front of borders, and in containers.
Pleasant Earlybird (Iris ensata)
This flower has single pastel lavender blooms with a white halo and yellow throats. It has won several international flower awards and looks great alongside pools or streams. They even grow great in wet and acidic soil.
Professor Blaauw (Iris Hollandica)
These beautiful deep blue-purple flowers have bright yellow throats and grow up to four inches wide. They have won several international flower awards, and if you plant at least 20 bulbs together, they look extraordinary. They also look great in borders and beds.
Queen’s Tiara (Iris ensata)
The Queen’s Tiara consist of wide white petals that can grow as large as six inches across, with purple veins and yellow throats. It grows up to three feet high and its exquisite blooms show up in early- to mid-summer. Easy to grow, they also provide a beautiful vertical look for your garden.
Returning Tide (Iris ensata)
With large, five-inch-wide lavender petals, the flowers have a whitish tint and yellow throats. It has won honorable mention in at least one international flower competition, and it is deer-resistant, easy to grow, and perfect for water gardens or Japanese gardens.
Ruffled Velvet (Iris sibirica)
A broad, deep purple flower with purple falls and white-yellow bases, these flowers grow up to 30 inches tall and are striking because of their contrasting colors. They prefer adequate moisture and are resistant to deer.
Shirley Pope (Iris sibirica)
These flowers have dark, velvety, deep purple petals and white-purple-yellow bases. They have won several international flower awards, grow up to 32 inches high, and look great in borders and flower beds.
Silver Edge (Iris sibirica)
The Silver Edge has petals in sky blue with thin, silvery edges. Their centers are yellow and white, and they grow up to 30 inches high and 24 inches wide. They have won several international flower awards, and they bloom in late spring to early summer.
Sky Mirror (Iris sibirica)
With pale, sky blue petals with navy blue near the base, these flowers grow to almost three feet in height and have blade-shaped, fairly rigid leaves. Because it stays fresh-looking all season long, this flower is one of the most popular types of Irises.
Sky Wings (Iris sibirica)
This Iris has petals of sky blue with a delicate yellow center, and is stunning when planted in large groups. It has grass-like foliage and upright leaves that get up to three feet tall, and it does best in full sun or partial shade. It is also low-maintenance and great near ponds or streams.
Strawberry Fair (Iris sibirica)
These flowers have petals that are heavily ruffled and consist of colors such as lavender pink with magenta pink falls and white-blue edges. They grow up to 30 inches tall and up to two feet in width, and their striking looks have garnered several international flower awards.
Super Ego (Iris sibirica)
The winner of several international flower awards, these plants have pale blue flowers that are flushed in lighter blue, and they have sturdy narrow stalks. They can grow up to 30 inches tall and are tolerant to drought, not to mention deer-resistant. They look beautiful in beds and borders, and do best in medium to wet soils.
Variegata (Iris ensata)
The winner of several international flower awards, this flower has very small, purple petals with a reddish tint and a small yellow throat. Its silver-white foliage is extraordinary, and it blooms in mid- to late-summer. It also does best in full sun or partial shade, and it is a plant that is easy to grow.
White Swirl (Iris sibirica)
These clump-forming perennials have large white petals with delicate golden flushes at the base. They have won several international flower awards and do best in full sun or partial shade. They have beautiful blade-shaped leaves that catch anyone’s attention, not to mention they look spectacular when planted in large groups.
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