The beauty of a camellia flower is one that can withstand the test of time. Get to know more of this evergreen beauty that’s also known for making teas.
Camellias belong to the Theaceae family or the tea family. The genus has about 300 species as well as 3,000 cultivars and hybrids. Camellia sinensis is known as the tea plant because it is most often used for making a green tea, black tea, white tea, oolong, pu-erh and other types of tea. It is the most delicious but the most popular Camellias are the sasanqua, japonica and reticulata.
The oldest surviving Camellia was planted in 1347 and can be found in China’s Panlong Monastery. These flowering small trees or shrubs are evergreen and can be grown as bushes, hedges, topiaries or espaliers. When grown as bushes, they can live up to 200 years old.
Anticipation (Camellia x williamsii)
Looking similar to a carnation at times, this flower has deep rose-pink petals and grows tall, up to 15 feet, so it is quite memorable. The winner of several international flower awards, the Anticipation has dark-green, glossy leaves that remain beautiful all year long, and the flower blooms for four months starting either in March or October, depending on where you live.
Australis (Camellia japonica)
The Australis has petals that are an amazing-looking shade of rose red, and it has dark-green leaves that stay looking good all year long. It prefers full sun and partial shade, and if you prune it after it flowers, it will remain the perfect size. Be careful where you plant them, because they cannot be in areas that get too cold or too windy, but other than that the plant is very easy to grow.
Bob Hope (Camellia japonica)
This flower has very large, semi-double, bright-red petals that can get up to 5 inches in width. The winner of several international flower awards, the Bob Hope gets up to 8 feet high and is one of the highlights of your garden whenever it’s in bloom. Applying a root mulch is highly recommended, and they look great in large tubs or containers.
Bonanza (Camellia sasanqua)
Growing up to 6 feet in height, this camellia has large, 4-inch-wide blooms that are bright-red, fluted, with a bright-gold stamen. It can spread up to 8 feet in width, and it does best in full sun or partial shade, as long as the roots stay healthy and moist. A beautifully scented Fall flower, the Bonanza looks stunning in containers and large tubs, not to mention woodland gardens and other types of gardens.
Bonomiana (Camellia japonica)
This type of camellia has medium-size petals that get up to 4 inches wide and are colored in pale pink, white subtle trim, and darker pink flushes throughout each petal. They bloom in either January or June depending on where you live, and they grow up to 10 feet in height. The Bonomiana looks great in large containers or tubs, and it should be pruned after it flowers to make sure the size and shape stay manageable.
Carter’s Sunburnt (Camellia japonica)
The winner of several international flower awards, the Carter’s Sunburnt has soft-pink petals with specks and lines of raspberry-pink throughout each petal. The flower blooms for four months out of the year, in either April or November depending on where you live, and it makes a beautiful specimen plant. It is also a bushy plant that gets up to 8 feet tall and 8 feet wide, making it a striking addition to anyone’s garden.
Chansonette (Camellia hiemalis)
This is one of the most popular types of camellias, due to its stunning lavender-pink petals, its glossy green leaves, and the fact that is lasts a very long time. The winner of several international flower awards, the Chansonette grows up to 3 feet high and is considered a medium-sized evergreen. It looks amazing as borders or hedges.
With small, 2-inch-wide blossoms, this camellia’s amazing color of bright white tinged in pink makes it a true head-turner. They bloom for four months straight and have beautiful, glossy, almost reddish leaves that remain attractive all year long. If you keep the plant away from cold and harsh winds, it should stay attractive throughout its blooming period, and you can easily prune it to keep its shape and size more manageable.
Crimson King (Camellia sasanqua)
With beautiful masses of large, 5-inch-wide petals, the Crimson King blooms in either March or October, depending on where you live, and it has a bright-yellow center that looks stunning next to its petals. It has won several international flower awards, and it can grow as high as 12 feet. It prefers full sun if the roots are kept moist, and it looks beautiful in vases, tubs, and containers.
Desire (Camellia japonica)
With a look resembling a rose, this camellia has double petals that are a pale bluish-pink color and a deeper pink on the edges. The winner of several international flower awards, the Desire gets up to 10 feet tall and therefore, it makes an amazing garden regardless of the size or location of that garden. It makes a perfect specimen plant and looks spectacular in woodland gardens and as a mixed border, among others.
Drama Girl (Camellia japonica)
This type of camellia is very large, getting up to over 5 inches in width, and has petals that are deep salmon-rose and often streaked with a lighter shade of pink. It has a beautiful yellow center, and one thing that makes it unique is that it must be pruned in order to encourage a more compact growth pattern. Great for containers and tubs, it has won several international flower awards, and its glossy leaves look extraordinary all year long.
Elegans (Camellia japonica)
This type of camellia has deep-pink double flowers that occasionally have smaller petals with white specks on them. It grows up to 10 feet high and has dark-green, glossy foliage that lends to its ambiance. The flowers do better without direct sun, and pruning after flowering is recommended in order to keep the plant size manageable. The petals can grow as large as 5 inches wide, and it makes a beautiful specimen plant or addition to a woodland garden.
Elegant Beauty (Camellia x williamsii)
This flower consists of several rows of large petals and smaller petals near the center. The petals are rose-pink in color and it has a yellow center. The flower gets up to 8 feet in height and has leaves that start out bronze-tinted but which turn dark green later on, perfectly complementing its petal color. It has won several international flower awards and looks great in containers or tubs.
Sturdy and eye-catching, this camellia is cheery and bright-pink in color. They are a miniature flower that is only 1-2 inches wide, and they are a medium-sized evergreen shrub that grows up to 8 feet in height. They love full sun and partial shade, and they look spectacular in mixed shrub borders, as well as in hedges and woodland gardens.
Hagoromo (Camellia japonica)
With medium, semi-double petals that are pale bluish-pink in color and a yellow center, this camellia blooms over several months and gets up to 8 feet in height. In the southern hemisphere it blooms starting in January, and it blooms starting in June in the northern hemisphere. It has won several international flower awards, and it has glossy, twisted leaves that perfectly complement its beautiful petals.
Herme (Camellia japonica)
The Herme is a bit unique in that its petals are a beautiful rose pink with creamy-white trim, and it has raspberry-colored streaks throughout the flower. They are both fragrant and elegant, not to mention eye-catching, and the stems are sturdy, attractive, and grow up to 8 feet high. You can dress up a wall with these flowers, and its glossy green foliage stays attractive all year long.
Hugh Evans (Camellia sasanqua)
With small pale-pink petals and a bright-yellow center, this flower can grow up to 12 feet high and has won several international flower awards. It does best in soil that is acidic and which stays moist and well-drained, and it is beautiful as a specimen plant or a hedge. You can apply a root mulch for better results, and it should always be protected from cold weather and harsh winds.
Kanjiro (Camellia sasanqua)
This flower can have either single or double petals, and they are a dark pinkish-red with bright-yellow centers. They bloom in either March or October depending on where you live, and they grow vigorously to a beautiful bushy shape. They do best in soil that is moist and well-drained, and when in full bloom they are sure to attract attention from everyone. They should be kept away from cold and wind, but otherwise they are low-maintenance and easy to grow.
Korean Fire (Camellia japonica)
The Korean Fire is deep-red in color and has single, funnel-shaped petals and glossy dark-green leaves. It gets up to 15 feet in height and therefore, it is quite eye-catching. Its bright-yellow center really accents its red color, and it makes beautiful borders and hedges. The flower also needs a root mulch to look its best, and one look at it will make you understand why it has won several international flower awards in the past.
Lavinia Maggie (Camellia japonica)
The winner of several international flower awards, this camellia has large double petals that open up to 5 inches in width. The flower is white and has beautiful raspberry-pink markings throughout each petal, and its pointed, glossy leaves perfectly complement its overall look and color. A truly eye-catching flower, it does best when kept away from cold winds and looks great as a specimen plant.
Les Jury (Camellia x williamsii)
With deep crimson-red flowers and a shape similar to a rose, this camellia is striking with its double-bloom form. It has won several international flower awards, and it grows up to 6 feet in height. It looks beautiful in tubs or containers, and its dark-green leaves turn bronze later on but remain attractive all year long. They bloom starting in January or June depending on where you live, and they are relatively easy to grow.
Plantation Pink (Camellia sasanqua)
Perfect for zones 7-9, this camellia grows up to 20 feet tall and has soft-pink petals and a bright-yellow center. It is sweetly scented and has glossy, elegant leaves that stay looking fantastic all year long. Perfect for wall coverings or hedges, they need to be protected from temperatures that get too hot, and you can prune them in order to make the size and shape more manageable.
The Polar Ice type of camellia grows profusely in October and November, and they have snow-white petals and a beautiful yellow center. The blooms get up to 4 inches wide, and the plant can be as high as 6 feet tall. It has leaves that are glossy and dark-green in color, and it always does best if you prune it after it flowers.
Setsugekka (Camellia sasanqua)
Vigorous yet elegant-looking, this flower has double blooms that are bright-white with beautiful yellow centers. It does better in full sun or partial shade, but it shouldn’t get too hot at any time. When it’s in full bloom, the flower is extraordinary, and it makes a great specimen plant or shrub border. Fairly easy to grow, the Setsugekka does best in soil that is acidic and which never gets dry.
The winner of several international flower awards, this camellia sits on stems that can get extremely tall – up to 10 feet – and has a ruby-red color with a lavender undertone and gold stamens throughout the petals. They bloom for four months straight, and they make a perfect hedge, border shrub, or a plant for containers or vases.
Sweet Emily Kate
With a sweet fragrance and blush-pink petals, this type of camellia grows up to 3 inches in width and up to 8 feet high. It is a hybrid camellia that has a great mix of petals and petaloids, along with glossy leaves that stay attractive all year long. The flower makes a great specimen plant, and it is perfect for screens, hedges, and shrub borders.
This camellia is a miniature flower that blooms early and is considered one of the hardiest types of camellias. It blooms profusely over the course of four weeks, and it has beautiful, glossy leaves that perfectly complement its shell-pink, overlapping petals. It gets up to 3 feet high and loves moist soil and partial shade, and it looks beautiful in large tubs and containers.
Yuletide (Camellia x vernalis)
Because of its brilliant red color, bright-yellow center, and the fact that it blooms in the Winter time, the Yuletide is perfectly named and has beautiful green leaves that complement its look. It can grow up to 10 feet in height and should be pruned to make sure its size and shape don’t get out of control. It is striking and makes a perfect specimen plant, and when in full bloom its color is extraordinary.
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