With such a fascinating name and appearance, who’d think that the bleeding heart flowers can have many different types. They come in various foliage, flower color and sizes.
Get to know its various types and their unique characteristics.
Bleeding heart flowers are usually pink, white, red, or yellow and their height ranges from six inches to two feet. Their foliage is very attractive and they produce dozens of delicate, heart-shaped flowers in the spring. Below are some of their varieties.
These come in a beautiful shade of pink and can get up to 14 inches in height. They can disappear if it gets warm, reappearing in the fall or the following spring. They look great as a cut flower and are attractive to hummingbirds. They also need to be frozen for a while, and you can divide them after they start blooming. The Amore Rose variety is a little darker in pink than this variety.
An all-white flower, it can also be called the Fern Leaf Bleeding Heart and works best in partial shade. They need to be frozen for six to eight weeks in a plastic bag in your freezer and when they bloom they are elegant-looking and eye-catching even though you need to use caution because they can cause skin irritations for some people.
A type of Dicentra Formosa, these can be 12-18 inches in height and have showy pink blooms that are usually one inch in size. They can disappear when the weather gets warm and reappear in the fall or the following spring and they can be divided after they flower. The Bacchanal has won several international flower awards so they are truly special.
These are a type of Fern Leaf Bleeding Heart and contain dark pink or red flowers with a touch of light pink and/or white. You can divide them after they bloom and their flowers are approximately one inch in size. They are stunning and eye-catching.
A plethora of color is included in this bloom, from dark pink to light pink and even white, and they can easily handle transplanting if you freeze them first in a plastic bag for six to eight weeks. They, too, can cause skin irritations in some people and can disappear and reappear at different times.
These bleeding heart flowers are all white so they have a pure, elegant look. They grow up to six inches in height and have unusual foliage colors. With these flowers, it is best to start them indoors because they need specific temperatures to start the growing process. If you start this flower with seeds, they need to be exposed to freezing temperatures; therefore, it is recommended that you place them in the freezer for six to eight weeks after first placing them in a plastic bag. Their blooms are under one inch in size and they have finely divided, fernlike leaves.
Also called Dicentra cucullaria, they grow six to ten inches tall and have flowers that are white in color with yellow at the base. They contain fruit that consists of a long, thin pod and round black seeds and the seeds produce white growth, which does not need to be taken care of because it is eaten by ants. In addition to white, they can also be yellow or pink and they are known by White Hearts, Colic Weed, and Butterfly Banners, among other names.
Striking and attention-getting, these Fern Leaf Bleeding Heart flowers are magenta and dark red with white tips and they do a great job of attracting butterflies and hummingbirds. The Fire Island variety has blue-green leaves and is deer- and rabbit-resistant. Although they need excellent drainage, these flowers do very well in large pots, even those holding three or more gallons. You can divide them after they flower and they are a hybrid of the Dicentra peregrina and the Dicentra eximia.
Fringed Bleeding Heart
These are also known as Dicentra eximia and can be dark pink, light pink, and white in the same flower. They have pods that contain many seeds and when ripe, they turn dark brown in color. They also have white growths, which are eaten by ants, and their blooms have fringed edges. They attract bees and are both deer- and rabbit-resistant, making them low-maintenance flowers to own. If you prefer to have this flower in white, it is called Dicentra Eximia Alba.
These showy pink flowers with white tips grow up to 24 inches tall and have unusual foliage colors. They are rabbit- and deer-resistant and work great if placed in pots that are three gallons or more in size. In addition, hummingbirds love them.
Also called Komakusa, they are showy and multi-colored, including dark pink, light pink, and sometimes white. They are a one-child plant and may cause skin irritations in some people. They do best in partial shade and should be started indoors by freezing them for six to eight weeks before planting them anywhere else.
As the name suggests, these flowers are all white and are striking. You can divide them after they start blooming and they too can disappear when it’s warm, although they reappear in the fall or the following spring. Just as with other Bleeding Heart flowers, these can cause skin irritations for some people so caution is advised.
King of Hearts
A type of Fern Leaf Bleeding Heart, these beautiful plants with pink flowers can grow up to 18 inches in height and have unique greyish blue-green leaves. Since the flowers are infertile, you can count on them to bloom from spring to fall without any deadheading. The bloom size is under one inch and if you remove the stalks from the flowers after they finish blooming, they can remain looking amazing for a very long time.
Also called Dicentra peregrina, these are simply elegant-looking in light pink and white. When the weather warms up enough, they can disappear. However, if this happens, they always regrow in the fall or the following spring. If you choose the variety with fringed leaves, their blooms repeat themselves all throughout the summer.
Dark pink in color with white highlights at the base, these can also be called Lady’s Locket or Lady in a Bath. They can grow up to 39 inches tall and look great as a cut flower. Once again, starting the seeds inside is a great idea and if you arrange them with about a dozen other Lady’s Lockets or any other flower, they look spectacular. Their seeds’ white fleshy growth gets eaten by ants so there is no need to worry about them once they start appearing. The ones that bloom in white are called Lamprocapnos Spectabilis Alba.
A very showy flower, it is the main variety of bleeding heart flowers and is reddish-pink in color. Some bleeding heart flowers can cause skin irritations in some people but the flowers are showy and eye-catching. They can also be called Dicentra.
Also called a Pacific Bleeding Heart, they are mostly white in color and some include fringed edges. They will naturalize and although showy and eye-catching, the flowers can sometimes irritate the skin on certain people so handling them with caution is recommended.
These dark pink, showy flowers have won international flower awards and they can easily be divided after flowering. Also called the Pink Fringed Bleeding Heart, they grow best in partial shade and can sometimes cause skin irritations in some people so caution is always advised when handling them.
Pacific Bleeding Heart
Also known as Dicentra Formosa, Wild Bleeding Heart, or Western Bleeding Heart, these flowers are usually pink and purple in color so they are quite eye-catching. They prefer partial shade and the seeds need to experience freezing temperatures for a while in order for the plant to look its best later on. It’s best to start this plant indoors and you can divide them after they start to flower if you wish to plant them in additional spots.
A Pacific Bleeding Heart variety, these flowers are white and elegant-looking, always naturalize, and can be divided after their flowering period is complete. They can disappear and reappear at different times and they sometimes cause skin irritations in some people.
With powdery blue-grey leaves and brightly colored dark-pink or red blooms, they are deer-resistant and grow well in large pots, including those that are three or more gallons in size. They do need excellent drainage; otherwise, they are low-maintenance and easy to grow, not to mention eye-catching.
A form of Dicentra Formosa, these silvery-white blooms grow best in partial shade and can disappear when it gets too warm, reappearing in the fall or the following spring. They naturalize, can cause skin irritations in some people, which can be avoided with a little extra care, and can be divided after they are finished blooming.
A variety of Dicentra eximia, these beautiful white flowers are under one inch in size and have unusual, showy foliage. They are very fragrant flowers and are perfect when used as cut flowers or groundcovers. The Snowdrift has seeds that need warm moisture to germinate, usually 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit, followed by a cold moist period in 25- to 40-degree temperatures, and next by a cool moist period in 40- to 50-degree temperatures. They can easily handle being transplanted but they should only be divided while the leaves are dormant. Bumblebees pollinate them and they bloom in every season except the winter.
These showy flowers that are mostly dark pink in color have seeds that need a freezing period and they can disappear and reappear at various times throughout the year. They can easily handle transplanting and they should be divided after they flower.
A Lamprocapnos spectabilis variety that is also known by the name Hordival, these striking flowers are bright red in color and highlighted in white. They grow up to 30 inches in height and bloom in late spring or early summer. In addition, the flowers tolerate dry shade well, have blooms under one inch in size, and are deer-resistant. They attract hummingbirds and they can be divided after they flower.
Also known as the Golden Bleeding Heart, they are mostly white in color and can grow as tall as 30 inches in height. They can have golden leaves; in fact, their foliage is one of the things that makes them so unique. In addition, the White Gold variety attracts hummingbirds and blooms in the Spring. A truly unique flower, they are easy to transplant and divide as well.
A form of Dicentra peregrina, the flowers are dark pink or red and highlighted in white. They should be frozen for six to eight weeks before planting but they are easy to divide and grow well in partial shade. Just as other Bleeding Hearts, they can cause skin irritations in some people so you should always use caution when handling them.
Did You Know That Bleeding Heart Flowers…
- Bloom great in zones 2-9, which means that most of the country can grow them?
- Have amazing foliage that comes in various colors and can grow up to three feet tall?
- Have a heart-shaped quality that looks as if it has a drop of blood at the bottom?
- Thrive in full or partial shade so no direct sunlight is needed for them to grow and thrive?
- Have the potential to irritate the skin but this can be avoided simply by handling it more carefully?
- Have leaves that you can cook and eat in the spring?
- Are part of the poppy family?
- Are deciduous and therefore discard their leaves at the end of the summer?
- Are a rich source of nectar and can attract hummingbirds, which are popular with a lot of growers?
- Are a major food source for animals such as snails, aphids, and the larvae of certain butterfly species?
- Are fire-resistant and can even tolerate a drought?
- Are perennial and therefore can survive over two years in the wild?
- Have roots that have been used for conditions such as bruises and painful sprains as well as insect bites and stomach pain?
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