The daffodil is a special flower for many of us in northern climates (I’m in Vancouver, BC), because it’s the first flower to bloom in many yards in early, early Spring. I love seeing Daffodils because it means Spring is here and Summer is around the corner.
What you may not know is that there are many different types of daffodils. We did the research and list them along with photos and information below.
1. Trumpet Daffodils
Trumpet daffodils feature a single flower per stem. The trumpet is the same length or longer than the petal’s length. Of these daffodils, the following flowers are favorites:
The Narcissus W. P. Milner is a multiple award-winning flower. It blooms from early to mid-spring and features twisted petals of creamy white that surround a long trumpet. The flower rises as tall as 30 centimeters, or a foot, and returns yearly. The recipient of a number of awards, the flower has been well-received since it was introduced in the late 1860’s.
Grow this flower in medium moist and well-drained soil in partial to full shade. The soil should be kept moist during the growing season. However, you’ll want to water less after the foliage on the flower starts to die or fade.
This daffodil looks nice around shrubs, beneath deciduous trees, or in beds or borders. The flower features a nice drift of color when planted with other flowering bulbs. For the best visual impact, the flower should be planted in groups of about six bulbs. You can also plant the daffodil in pots indoors or use it as a cut flower in an arrangement on your table.
This daffodil is well-loved by gardeners in the country, as it is resistant to both deer and rabbits. Propagate the flower by removing offsets in the summer when the leaves start to fade.
The Narcissus Mount Hood is another award-winning flower. It displays large blossoms that bloom yellow, at first, but mature into an ivory-white color in the spring. This flower rises as high as 20 inches, or 50 centimeters, tall and naturalizes well in a garden space.
The bulb of the flower can easily be grown in soil that is moderately moist and well-drained. It does well in partial or full sun and can be watered regularly during the growing season.
Use this flower in borders and beds and beneath shade trees. Like the Narcissus W.P. Milner, plant the flower with other flowering bulbs to create a visual interest. You can plant the flower indoors or outdoors.
This flower, like most daffodils, does not attract deer or rabbits to your garden or yard.
The Narcissus Dutch Master is a trumpet daffodil that blooms in mid-spring. It is known for its beautiful golden blooms. The flower can grow as tall as 18 inches or 45 centimeters and will return to grace your landscape year after year.
Grow the flower in moderately moist and well-drained soil. It is a welcome addition in borders or beneath trees. Like other trumpet daffodils, it is an ideal flower to use in a centerpiece. Grow the flower inside or outdoors.
2. Large-Cupped Daffodils
These daffodils present a single flower on each stem with a trumpet or cup that is over one-third, but less than, the length of the flower’s petals. The following types of flowers make up the division of these daffodils.
The Narcissus Salome is an award-winning and elegant flower that features large blooms running as much as 9 centimeters or three inches across. The bloom features creamy white petals around a yellow cup that softly fades to a peachy-pink. This flower blossoms regularly from early to mid-spring and is considered an excellent flower to place in a cut flower arrangement.
Grow this flower in well-drained soil and water moderately. Use it in containers, rock gardens, or around shrubs. Always plant this flower in the fall, as it is a deer and rabbit resistant bloom.
The Narcissus Carlton is a large-cupped daffodil that is two-toned and displays a frilled cup. This fragrant flower emits a lovely vanilla scent. It blossoms in early to mid-spring and is known for its sturdy stem. The flower, which reaches a height of 18 inches, or 45 centimeters tall, is ideal to include in plantings of a larger scale.
Easily grow the bulbs in well-drained soil in partial or full sun, and water the flower so it receives a medium amount of moisture. Always plant the bulb during the autumn.
The Narcissus Pink Charm blooms in mid-spring and features ivory petals surrounded by a yellow-white cut and coral rimmed band. A second bloom often emerges on the stem. Use this flower in pots on the balcony or patio. The flower, like other daffodils, is ideal to include in a cut flower arrangement.
The Narcissus Pink Charm can reach a height of 18 inches, or 45 centimeters, and is rabbit and deer resistant. The fall-planted bulb is a nice flower to show off in borders, around shrubs, or under shade trees.
3. Small-Cupped Daffodils
This daffodil features a single flower on each stem with a cup that is not over one-third the length of the petals. Therefore, this flower is a delicate daffodil that is often featured in cut flower or indoors in pots. The following three flowers make up this daffodil division.
The Narcissus Barrett Browning, Narcissus Birma, and Narcissus Verger, all are premium small-cupped daffodils. Like with other daffodils, keep the soil moderately moist and plant the bulbs in the fall. These smaller flowers stand out better when you place them in pots indoors.
The Narcissus Barrett Browning is a white flower with a frilled orange cup, while the Narcissus Birma is a yellow-petalled daffodil with a frilled orange cup. The Verger flower is white and features an orange, frilled rim and yellow cup.
4. Double Daffodils
Double daffodils show off one or more flowers on their stems with fully double coronas, double flowers, or both. The flowers are notably distinct, however, as they usually display clusters of small petals at the center, all which gives them a ruffled look. More than one blossom appears per stem. The following flowers are part of this daffodil classification.
The Narcissus Bridal Crown is a multiple award-winning flower that is pleasantly scented and stunning in looks. It exhibits long-lasting double flowers that are defined by multiple white petals and yellow cup segments.
The flowers, which appear in the middle part of spring, cluster together at the tops of the stems. This flower not only looks great in a cut flower arrangement, but you can also force it indoors for winter blooming.
Grow the bulb in well-drained soil that is moderately moist. These flowers love areas that are partially shaded or receive the full sun. When cutting the flower, do not cut the blooms until they open completely.
The Narcissus Tahiti is a double daffodil flower that is a romantic addition to a garden or a home. The flower is fragrant and hardy and features double flowers – petals in multi-gold with vermillion ruffled interiors. This eye-catching daffodil blooms from mid to late spring and grows as tall as 16 inches, or 40 centimeters, in height.
The Narcissus Cheerfulness flower is an irresistible garden charmer. The fragrant bloom features durable double flowers with multiple white petals and yellow-flecked centers. Flowers cluster at the top of the stems and make an appearance in mid or late spring. This flower, which works out well in cut arrangements, can be forced for winter blooming indoors. The beautiful bloom can rise as high as 16 inches, or 40 centimeters, tall.
5. Triandrus Daffodils
These flowers feature one or more nodding blooms per stem and exhibit slightly reflexed (or swept away) petals. The following flowers make up this daffodil classification.
The Narcissus Thalia is both vigorous and fragrant. This flower grows and glows in mid spring with its lithe and nodding white petals. Up to three flowers are displayed per stem. The flowers, which show off slightly reflexed petals, also display flanged cups. This long-lived bloom looks great in a cut arrangement that is featured in a basket container.
The Narcissus Ice Wings flower grows in the middle of spring and shows off graceful and nodding white flowers—two or three on each stem. The slightly reflexed petal appears with long and conical cups. The flower, which rises as tall as a foot, or 30 centimeters, will grace your garden year after year. Use it in containers on the porch or plant it along borders in the yard.
The Narcissus Hawera flower is as stunning to view as it is fragrant. The flower, which blooms in the mid to late spring, features three to five nodding pale yellow flowers per stem with slightly reflexed and star-like perianth segments. This dwarf daffodil produces as many as nine stems. Therefore, when planted in a container or in the garden, it looks like a sunny bouquet. Choose this Triandrus daffodil as a container plant.
6. Cyclamineus Daffodils
This daffodil flower features a single nodding flower on each stem and is accented with reflexed petals. The corona on the flower points downward. The following flowers make up this daffodil category.
The Narcissus Jack Snipe blossoms early to mid-spring and is a small, yet sturdy, flower. It features white reflexed petals that surround a yellow cup. The flower, which grows as tall as 10 inches, or 25 centimeters, naturalizes well in a yard and will multiply, given time.
Plant the bulbs in the fall in well-drained soil and water the flowers moderately. Use them in borders, around shrubs, or in a rock garden design.
That Narcissus Peeping Tom is a Cyclamineus daffodil that blooms early to mid-spring. While the flower is small, it stands up well to the outside elements. The flower exhibits yellow reflexed petals that surround a narrow and long trumpet. The flower, when nurtured well, can grow as tall as a foot, or 30 centimeters. Plant the bulbs in the autumn in soil that is well-drained and give the flower medium amounts of water.
7. Jonquilla Daffodils
This group of daffodils shows off one to five flowers on each stem, and the petals are slightly spread and reflexed. The flowers release a nice and pleasant fragrance. The heads on the daffodil are held at a right angle, and the surrounding petals convey a starry appearance. These flowers are also referred to as Apodanthus daffodils. The following blooms represent this classification.
Narcissus Sailboat daffodils are so named because the blooms resemble the windswept sails of a boat. Their ivory petals are swept back and circle a pale yellow cup. The daffodils, which are mid-spring bloomers, bear as many as three fragrant flowers per stem, and they reach a height of 12 inches, or 30 centimeters, tall.
Plant the bulbs in moist and well-drained soil in full or partial sun. They work out well in containers, rock gardens, and around shrubbery.
The Narcissus Pipit is a pleasant and fragrant flower that blooms in the middle of spring. The flower features as many as six lemon yellow blooms on each stem. Over the course of the season, the cups turn ivory-white. The flower, which rises as high as a foot, or 30 centimeters, can be easily grown under trees or in naturalized areas.
The Narcissus Bell Song is an award-winning bloom that is delightfully scented. The flower features clusters of three to five flowers per stem. The cream-white petals of the flower are featured along with a rosy pink trumpet–both which emerge in mid to late spring. Plant the bulbs in well-drained soil in a rock garden or along a border.
8. Tazetta Daffodils
These lovely daffodil flowers are scented and display three to twenty small flowers on each stem. The petals in this grouping are not reflexed. Some of the smallest ones feature twenty flowers on a stem, and they have a bowl-shaped corona while the petals are frequently twisted or crinkled. The following Tazetta daffodils make up the blooms in this classification.
The Narcissus Cragford is a memorably fragrant flower that is ideal for indoor forcing and winter blooming. The flower displays clusters of three to five round-shaped white flowers with orange-red cups. Blooms emerge in the mid spring. Use the flower as a cut flower in a centerpiece.
The daffodil, which rises as high as 18 inches, or 45 centimeters, is a perennial that has been distinguished for its excellence. You can easily grow the flower in moderately moist and well-drained soil. Plant the flower beneath shade trees or enhance your border with this delightful bloom.
The Narcissus Geranium daffodil is another charming Tazetta daffodil. Rising as much as 14 inches, or 35 centimeters, tall, the flower naturalizes well in its surroundings and pays return visits annually. Grow the flower in indoor pots or add the bloom in a border or rock garden.
Narcissus Paperwhite daffodils are stunning additions to a garden. The pleasantly scented daffodil is not winter hardy. However, it is the ideal flower to grow if you want to produce a bloom for a short time inside. The flower, which rises between 10 inches (25 centimeters) and 18 inches (45 centimeters) in height, displays four to eight small white blooms per stem. This flower is the ideal cut flower and grows and blooms almost immediately.
The longer the bulbs are stored on this daffodil flower, the quicker they will become blooms. The flowers do not need preparation to grow; their main requirement is water. Plant the flowers in medium, well-drained gravel or soil in daylight. The flowers grow well when the temperature is maintained at around 65 degrees Fahrenheit or 18 degrees Celsius.
9. Poeticus Daffodils
This grouping of daffodils exhibits one single, yet delightfully fragrant, flower on each stem. The pure white petals feature a short golden trumpet. The following flowers make up this classification.
Narcissus Actaea daffodils are fragrant and elegant. The pure white flowers span about three inches, or three centimeters, across and show off small, red-rimmed yellow cups in the late spring. Each stem displays a flower on top of a clump of strap-shaped type leaves. Because of its delightful scent, the flower is often included in cut flower arrangements.
This daffodil flower grows as tall as 18 inches, or 45 centimeters, and thrives in partial shade or full sun. Plant the bulbs in the fall in well-drained soil and keep the flowers moderately watered.
The Narcissus Recurvus Poeticus daffodil is a strongly fragrant flower that exhibits white reflexed flowers that span about two inches or four centimeters across. The flower’s petals are accented with red-rimmed yellow cups. Growing in the late spring, the daffodil bears a single flower on top of strap-shaped leaves of green. The flower, which is indigenous to Europe, performs best when it is planted in moist or wet soil.
This flower, which rises as high as 14 inches, or 35 centimeters, tall, grows great in well-drained soil around shrubbery, in flower beds, and along borders. Because of its fragrance, the bloom is often included in cut flower arrangements.
10. Bulbocodium Daffodils
This daffodil features a single, but large, flower on each stem and displays a yellow bloom. Also known as a Golden Bell, the Bulbocodium daffodil is a multi-flowering bloom that should be planted in well-drained soil in the fall. The corona on the flower resembles a petticoat hoop.
The best way to plant the flower is to apply a two-inch or five centimeter layer of mulch after the bulb is planted and the ground has frozen. This will protect the plant from any dips in temperature during the winter time. This is a lovely flower to include in flower gardens or in baskets on your patio or porch.
11. Split Corona Daffodils
This flower, which is named after its split trumpet, can be further classified. If the flower petals are arranged in two rings of three, they can be further defined as Collar daffodils or referred to as Papillon daffodils if the petals are exhibited in one ring of six. The following flowers make up this classification.
The Narcissus Valdrome flower is almost round in shape and features interlocking white petals that are centered with an almost flat and split center of six soft yellow ruffled segments. The daffodil, which reaches a height of about 12 to 26 inches, or 30 to 66 centimeters, in height, is often planted under shade trees or placed in front of taller daffodils. Expect this lovely flower to bloom in the mid to late spring.
The Narcissus Dolly Mollinger is a split-cupped daffodil that reaches a height of about 12 to 18 inches, or 30 to 45 centimeters. Space the bulb six to nine inches or 15 to 22 centimeters apart. The blooms emerge in mid-spring and exhibit white petals and a corolla that displays yellow and orange hues.
The Narcissus Orangery daffodil is noted as being easy to grow. The flower shows off outer petals of creamy white and a yellow-orange flat corona. The attention-grabbing flower is an ideal bloom to include in borders and flower beds. The flower naturalizes well if it is left alone. This daffodil, which rises in height to about 17 inches, or 45 centimeters, blooms in March and April.
This grouping of daffodils includes all the daffodils that cannot be included in the previous 11 divisions. This division features lightly scented daffodils that exhibit three flowers on each stem. The outer petals—also known as the perianth—are yellow with small white flecks at the tips. The corolla or central trumpet is colored deep yellow.
Miscellaneous daffodils are often used in the spring in containers, borders, and flower beds. They can also be naturalized in the yard and used as a cut flower. Each bulb should be planted to its neck is and to a depth that is twice the bulb’s height. The following flower represents this division.
The Narcissus Cornish Chuckles is lightly scented and displays three flowers on each stem. The petals are lemon and show off the previously mentioned white flecks. The corolla is yellow. If you have a problem with flowering—which is also called blindness—it normally has to do with incorrect planting methods or too little sun. You can also experience problems if the flowers are overcrowded or the flower receives a lack of nutrients as well.
These are the daffodils that you find naturally in the wild.
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